Jing support other schema languages

In addition to RELAX NG (both XML and compact syntax), Jing has support for some other schema languages. This support is less mature than the RELAX NG support. These schema languages all use XML and Jing can autodetect using the namespace URI of the document element. However, if you use the -c option, no autodetection will be performed and the schema will be parsed as RELAX NG compact syntax.

Jing has support for the following schema languages:

Jing's implementation is not based on the reference Schematron implementation. It is implemented partly in XSLT and partly in Java. This implementation requires that the Schematron elements be properly namespaced using the namespace URI http://www.ascc.net/xml/schematron. Jing can report correct line numbers both for errors in the instance and errors in the schema (including XPath errors). It can use either Saxon or Xalan as its XSLT engine. Jing is distributed with Saxon, because JDK 1.4 includes an old version of Xalan, which does not work properly for this application, and it is tricky to prevent the JRE using this version. A command-line option of -d enables diagnostics. A command-line option of -p phase specifies the phase to use. Both reports and failed assertions are considered errors. The Schematron schema is subject to rather more rigorous checking (using a RELAX NG schema) than the reference Schematron implementation.
W3C XML Schema
Jing provides support for W3C XML Schema using a wrapper around Xerces-J. Any xsi:schemaLocation and xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation hints in the instance are ignored.
Namespace Routing Language (NRL)
The XML Namespaces Recommendation allows an XML document to be composed of elements and attributes from multiple independent namespaces. Each of these namespaces may have its own schema; the schemas for different namespaces may be in different schema languages. NRL is an experimental language for specifying how the schemas for the different namespaces are to be composed in order to allow validation of the complete document. The implementation in Jing fully supports the language described in the specification. Subschemas can be in any of the languages supported by Jing (including, recursively, NRL). Jing does not yet support the schema option for W3C XML Schema subschemas, which would allow more than one schema URI to be specified.
Modular Namespaces (MNS)
MNS is the predecessor to NRL, and should be considered obsolescent. MNS support will disappear in a future release.
James Clark